Bulldog (Pug)


Bulldog (Pug), originally from China, also known as Haba dog in China, is charming, elegant, and officially named “Pug” in the late 18th century. The term “Pug” in ancient language means ghost, lion nose, or little monkey. Bulldogs are prone to problems such as inverted eyelashes, many wrinkles on the head, easy eyelid inversion, and blocked tear ducts, leading to noticeable tear stains.


Scientific Classification:

  • Latin Name: Pug
  • Also Known As: Bulldog, Pug, Haba Dog
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Subphylum: Vertebrata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Subclass: Theria
  • Order: Carnivora
  • Suborder: Caniformia
  • Family: Canidae
  • Subfamily: Caninae
  • Origin: China
  • Uses: Companion dog, guard dog
  • Size: Small
  • Suitable Dog Food: Maiden
  • Originated: 16th century
  • Height: 25-28 cm
  • Weight: 6-8 kg
  • Personality: Loyal, gentle

3. Bulldog Morphological Features:

  • Ideal height: 25-28 cm
  • Weight: 6-8 kg
  • Personality: Loyal, gentle
  • Symmetrical and sturdy physique, square-shaped, with a flat face and adorable expressions.


  • Large, heavy, apple-shaped, with a forehead not too recessed.
  • Eyes: Large, dark, prominent, with an alert and enthusiastic expression.
  • Ears: Thin, small, soft, velvet-like, can be rose-shaped or button-shaped.
  • Wrinkles: Large and deep.
  • Muzzle: Short, blunt, wide, with a slight underbite.


  • Neck: Slightly arched, sturdy.
  • Back: Short, horizontal.
  • Chest: Wide, well-expanded ribcage.
  • Tail: Ideally curled above the buttocks, with multiple curls preferred.


  • Front legs: Very sturdy, straight, positioned under the body.
  • Hindquarters: Powerful, hocks vertical, parallel stance.
  • Feet: Properly spaced toes, black toenails.


  • Smooth, soft, short, glossy, not too coarse.
  • Colors: Silver, apricot, or black, with clear contrast in markings.

4. Bulldog Personality Traits:

  • Charming and gentle personality, contrasts with its appearance.
  • Naturally enthusiastic, lively, and people-oriented.
  • Requires care, attention, and affection from the owner.
  • May develop psychological issues if not well-cared-for.
  • Intelligent, sometimes stubborn, with a strong sense of self.

5. Bulldog Care Knowledge:

  • Due to its facial features, daily care involves checking and caring for eyes, nose, and facial skin.
  • Regular grooming, especially cleaning facial wrinkles, is essential.
  • Bulldogs are sensitive to heat, requiring shade and sufficient water in hot weather.
  • Exercise should be controlled to prevent respiratory distress.
  • Regular eye cleaning and attention to nasal dryness are important.
  • Preventive measures for heatstroke include cooling and immediate medical attention.
  • Caution with vigorous activities to avoid spine issues in Bulldogs.
  • Regular veterinary check-ups, vaccinations, and deworming are crucial.

6. Bulldog Feeding Tips:

  • Bulldogs have a tendency to gain weight, so feeding should be controlled.
  • Balanced nutrition, proper exercise, and avoiding overfeeding are essential.
  • Avoid feeding meat and fatty foods to puppies under three months.
  • Bulldogs may be prone to skin issues, so using pet-specific shampoos is advised.
  • Moderate bathing frequency, around twice a month.
  • Attention to seasonal changes and reducing outdoor activities during infectious periods.
  • Overall, Bulldogs are not overly delicate but require proper nutrition, care, and regular veterinary attention.

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