美容師遭羅威那犬猛咬毀容留12公分傷口飼主逃責- 社會- 中時新聞網

The Rottweiler, also known as Rottweiler or Rottweil Metzgerhund, originated in Germany and is classified in the Working Group by the American Kennel Club (AKC). Historically, these dogs were used for various tasks such as pulling carts, fighting, and guarding. During World War I, Rottweilers were extensively employed as military dogs and later, in the mid-20th century, they were gradually trained for police work. Today, Rottweilers are among the most popular police and military dogs worldwide, and when trained, they make excellent family guard dogs.

美容師遭羅威那犬猛咬毀容留12公分傷口飼主逃責- 社會- 中時新聞網

3. Morphological Characteristics of Rottweilers

Rottweilers have a robust and powerful build with swift movements. The ideal height for adult males is 63-69 cm, weighing 45-55 kg, while adult females should be 58-63 cm tall and weigh 40-50 kg. The body length is slightly longer than the height, and the ideal proportion of height to length is 9:10.

Appearance Features:

  • Head: Medium length, broad skull, short and thick nose, moderately arched forehead, with wrinkles when alert. The expression is noble, alert, and confident.
  • Ears: Medium-sized, high-set, triangular, hanging close to the head when at rest.
  • Eyes: Almond-shaped, medium-sized, and copper-colored.
  • Nose: Well-developed and must be black.
  • Body: Square physique, sturdy and powerful limbs, broad chest, straight back, and sloping loins.
  • Coat: Short, straight, with coarse outer hair and fine undercoat. The color is black with specific tan or mahogany markings on certain areas, not exceeding 10% of the body. Curly hair is considered a fault.
  • Limbs: Straight front limbs, well-developed muscles, hind limbs bent at a sharp angle.
  • Feet: Strong and compact, with round front paws and slightly elongated hind paws. Toenails are short and black.
  • Tail: High-set, horizontal, and usually docked at the first joint.


  • Male: 63-69 cm
  • Female: 58-63 cm

Gait: Fast-paced, balanced, coordinated, confident, and powerful. The limbs should move without inward or outward deviation, maintaining a straight line.

4. Personality Traits of Rottweilers

Rottweilers are intelligent, cautious, and highly loyal to their owners. Despite their medium size, they possess abundant energy, a stable temperament, and a confident demeanor. They exude bravery and strength, with a calm and majestic presence that may deter strangers. Innately protective of their home and family, Rottweilers are known for their intelligence, strength, adaptability, making them excellent companions, guard dogs, and versatile working dogs.

5. Care Tips for Rottweilers

Rottweilers require regular grooming due to their short coat, which should be brushed to maintain a smooth and glossy appearance. They are generally well-behaved and do not bark excessively, making them suitable for apartment living. Their strong immune system and resistance to diseases make them resilient, but routine vaccinations and deworming are essential. Despite being a large breed, Rottweilers have lower exercise needs compared to others. They are not picky eaters and are known for their loyalty and protective instincts.

6. Rottweiler Care Knowledge

Rottweilers, with their robust physique and commanding presence, are confident and reserved, often exhibiting less friendliness towards strangers. Tail docking was traditionally done to prevent injuries during work or combat, enhancing the dog’s overall health. It was crucial for Rottweilers working in forests, where their tails were prone to injuries. In combat situations, a docked tail was believed to indicate a more focused and determined fighter. The practice of tail docking in Rottweilers is rooted in the need for better performance, health, and safety.

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